Periodontics in Oakbrook Terrace

Periodontics in Oakbrook Terrace

A Periodontist is a dentist who specializes in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of periodontal disease. Many periodontists have also taken advanced training in the placement of Dental Implants. Periodontists receive extensive training in these areas, including three additional years of education beyond dental school.

What is Periodontal Disease?

The word “periodontal” means “around the tooth.” Periodontal Disease, which is also known as gum disease is an ongoing bacterial infection in the gums and bone around your teeth. This infection leads to an inflammation under the gums. If it isn’t treated, the inflammation can destroy the bone around your teeth resulting in tooth loss. Unfortunately, periodontal infection is the leading cause of 75% of all adult tooth loss.

Different Types of Gum Disease


Gingivitis is the mildest form of periodontal disease. It causes the gums to become red, swollen, and bleed easily. There is usually little or no discomfort at this stage. Gingivitis is often caused by inadequate oral hygiene. Gingivitis is reversible with professional treatment and good oral home care. Factors that may contribute to gingivitis include, diabetes, smoking, aging, genetic predisposition, systemic diseases and conditions, stress, inadequate nutrition, puberty, hormonal fluctuations, pregnancy, substance abuse, HIV infection, and certain medication use.

Untreated gingivitis can advance to periodontitis. With time, plaque can spread and grow below the gum line. Toxins produced by the bacteria in plaque irritate the gums. The toxins stimulate a chronic inflammatory response in which the body in essence turns on itself, and the tissues and bone that support the teeth are broken down and destroyed. Gums separate from the teeth, forming pockets (spaces between the teeth and gums) that become infected. As the disease progresses, the pockets deepen and more gum tissue and bone are destroyed. Often, this destructive process has very mild symptoms. Eventually, teeth can become loose and may have to be removed.

How Do You Know If You Have Gum Disease?

  • Red or swollen gums
  • Bleeding when brushing (pink toothbrush)
  • Aching, itchy, sore or tender gums
  • Bad breath
  • Recession of your gum line
  • Pus between your teeth and gums when you press down on the gums
  • Movement in your teeth
  • Any change in the fit of your partial dentures